科学史系开学第一周学术活动

下周,2017年9月18日-22日,清华正式开始上课。科学史系的各项学术活动也拉开了序幕。敬请同行关注,欢迎积极参与!

本系日后的学术活动,除非特别申明,将全部安排在刚刚装饰一新的“系厅”(清华蒙民伟综合科研楼212)举行。

下周主要学术活动有三,欢迎参加、欢迎转告!

1、威斯康星大学Shank教授“伽利略讲座”周三开讲

麦可·香克(Michael Shank)教授本学期在本系做访问教授,将讲授8讲以伽利略为主题的系列讲座。下周三上午和下午开讲头两讲。

香克教授主要研究方向是古希腊至近代早期的西方数理科学史,尤其关注中世纪晚期自然哲学和天文学的发展及其对“科学革命”的推动作用,曾主编《剑桥科学史:中世纪科学卷》(The Cambridge History of Science: Medieval Science, 2013),是国际上在这一领域中最具权威和影响力的学者之一。

本次“伽利略新透视”系列讲座是香克教授的最新研究成果,将为我们带来关于伽利略的新认识、新理解。

讲演者:Michael H. Shank(University of Wisconsin-Madison)

题目:Galileo through New Lenses

摘要:In presenting Galileo and his work in context, this series highlights and interweaves threads that traditionally have been underemphasized: his theory of the tides as inspiration, rhetoric, and “proof;” the importance of political differences between Florence, Padua/Venice, and Rome; the place of astrology in the political tensions surrounding the Thirty Years’ War; and a trial that is not primarily about science and religion.

日程安排:

1、Introduction: Under the Tuscan Sun

时间:9月20日(周三)上午9:00-11:00

2、Padua: Mathematician by Day; Copernican Natural Philosopher by Night

时间:9月20日(周三)下午2:00-4:00

3、Looking Up: Telescopic Sights and a Return Ticket to Tuscany

时间:9月27日(周三)上午9:00-11:00

4、Shadowy Enemies and Traps: Copernicus Censored

时间:9月27日(周三)下午2:00-4:00

5、Light at the End of the Tunnel: Urban VIII

时间:10月11日(周三)上午9:00-11:00

6、Eclipses: “Father Monster,” Campanella, and Astrology

时间:10月11日(周三)下午2:00-4:00

7、Limelight: Galileo and his Dialogue on Trial

时间:10月18日(周三)上午9:00-11:00

8、Sunset Years and an Undying Narrative

时间:10月18日(周三)下午2:00-4:00

2、牛津大学Iliffe教授“清华科史哲讲座”第1讲周四开讲

罗伯·艾利夫(Rob Iliffe)教授本月受袁江洋教授邀请短期访问国科大,经袁江洋教授引介,将于9月21日(周四)顺访本系,主讲“清华科史哲讲座”第1讲。

“清华科史哲讲座”是清华科学史系长期设立的系列学术讲座,将聘请海内外优秀同行学者报告学科最新前沿。

艾利夫教授是牛津大学历史系科学史讲席教授,牛津科学史、医学史与技术史中心(OCHSMT)主任,牛顿项目(Newton Project)总编,Annals of Science杂志主编。著作有A Very Short Introduction to Newton(OUP,2007)(《牛顿新传》,译林出版社,2009)和Priest of Nature: The Religious Worlds of Isaac Newton (OUP,2007),主编有The Cambridge Companion to Newton(第二版,2014)等书,是目前国际科学史界顶级的牛顿专家。

清华科史哲讲座第1讲

讲演者:Rob Iliffe(Oxford University)

题目:Newton and the Creation of the Scientific Genius

时间:9月21日下午3:00-5:00

摘要:Notions of ‘genius’ in the West were traditionally attributed to great artists, or writers, who were either inspired by various divine muses or chosen by a Christian God. Until the Eighteenth Century, natural philosophers (scientists) were not, and indeed could not be depicted as geniuses, although individuals could be said to have a particular ‘genius’ (i.e. talent) for a certain mathematical or scientific subject.  I argue that a specific form of secularization, coupled with novel accounts of scientific creativity and the appearance of modern, and bourgeois conception of intellectual property rights, all made it possible to create a scientific ‘genius’. Amid increasing talk of ‘method’, and the development of forms of ‘Enlightened’ democratisation within the scientific community, the emergent genius was understood, paradoxically, as both secular saint and an intellectual aristocrat, a person with an expansive imagination who was nevertheless both a follower and progenitor of the scientific method.  One person above all others, Isaac Newton, fitted the new requirements for such a figure.

邀请科史哲界同仁会后共进晚餐

3、周五午餐会

      午餐会是本系师生内部保持学术交流、营造学术风气的一项常设制度。每次有1-2名老师或学生主讲一个最新的研究进展,大家积极讨论和发表评论。会间亦可介绍和讨论国内外其它学术进展。如有兄弟单位师生出席观摩,请提前联系孟洁老师(010-62790252,mengjie1029@tsinghua.edu.cn),以便预订盒饭。

      本学期的午餐会定在每周五上午10点开始,本周活动安排如下:

报告人:王哲然

题目:视觉图像的制造:文艺复兴透视法的起源与发展

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